Balkan Cup (for Nations)


Palmares

Before World War II

year     winners         runners-up        venue
1929/31  Romania         Yugoslavia        home and away matches
1931     Bulgaria        Turkey            Bulgaria
1932     Bulgaria        Yugoslavia        Yugoslavia       
1933     Romania         Yugoslavia        Romania     
1934/35  Yugoslavia      Greece            Greece
1935     Bulgaria [*]    Yugoslavia        Bulgaria  
1936     Romania         Bulgaria          Romania

[*] Bulgaria were declared winners in April 1936; at the tournament itself,
    Yugoslavia had been handed the trophy (see explanations below).

After World War II

year     winners         runners-up        venue
1946     Albania         Yugoslavia        Albania
1947     Hungary         Yugoslavia        home and away matches
1948       not finished                    home and away matches
1973/76  Bulgaria        Romania           home and away matches
1977/80  Romania         Yugoslavia        home and away matches

Number of wins (11)

 4 Bulgaria
   Romania

 1 Albania
   Hungary
   Yugoslavia

1929/31


 6-10-1929 Bucuresti      Romania        2-1 Yugoslavia    
26- 1-1930 Athinai        Greece         2-1 Yugoslavia   
25- 5-1930 Bucuresti      Romania        8-1 Greece
12-10-1930 Sofia          Bulgaria       5-3 Romania   
16-11-1930 Sofia          Bulgaria       0-3 Yugoslavia   
 7-12-1930 Athinai        Greece         6-1 Bulgaria   
15- 3-1931 Beograd        Yugoslavia     4-1 Greece   
19- 4-1931 Beograd        Yugoslavia     1-0 Bulgaria     
10- 5-1931 Bucuresti      Romania        5-2 Bulgaria   
28- 6-1931 Zagreb         Yugoslavia     2-4 Romania       
25-10-1931 Sofia          Bulgaria       2-1 Greece    
29-11-1931 Athinai        Greece         2-4 Romania     

 1.Romania            6  5  0  1  26-13  10
 2.Yugoslavia         6  3  0  3  12- 9   6
 3.Greece             6  2  0  4  13-20   4
 4.Bulgaria           6  2  0  4  10-19   4

Topscorers: Bodola and Wetzer (both Romania) 7 goals.

Full Details

1931

NB: not considered official by all sources

30- 9-1931 Sofia          Bulgaria       5-1 Turkey  
 2-10-1931 Sofia          Turkey         2-0 Yugoslavia     
 4-10-1931 Sofia          Bulgaria       3-2 Yugoslavia    

 1.Bulgaria           2  2  0  0   8- 3   4
 2.Turkey             2  1  0  1   3- 5   2
 3.Yugoslavia         2  0  0  2   2- 5   0

Topscorer: Panchev (Bulgaria) 3 goals.

Full Details

1932

26- 6-1932 Beograd        Bulgaria       2-0 Romania      
26- 6-1932 Beograd        Yugoslavia     7-1 Greece   
28- 6-1932 Beograd        Romania        3-0 Greece   
30- 6-1932 Beograd        Yugoslavia     2-3 Bulgaria  
 2- 7-1932 Beograd        Bulgaria       2-0 Greece   
 3- 7-1932 Beograd        Yugoslavia     3-1 Romania 

 1.Bulgaria           3  3  0  0   7- 2   6
 2.Yugoslavia         3  2  0  1  12- 5   4
 3.Romania            3  1  0  2   4- 5   2
 4.Greece             3  0  0  3   1-12   0

Topscorer: Zivkovic (Yugoslavia) 5 goals.

1933

 3- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Yugoslavia     5-3 Greece   
 4- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Romania        7-0 Bulgaria     
 6- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Romania        1-0 Greece    
 7- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Yugoslavia     4-0 Bulgaria   
10- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Bulgaria       2-0 Greece 
11- 6-1933 Bucuresti      Romania        5-0 Yugoslavia 

 1.Romania            3  3  0  0  13- 0   6
 2.Yugoslavia         3  2  0  1   9- 8   4
 3.Bulgaria           3  1  0  2   2-11   2
 4.Greece             3  0  0  3   3- 8   0

Topscorers: Ciolac and Dobay (both Romania) 4 goals.

1934/35

23-12-1934 Athinai        Greece         2-1 Yugoslavia    
25-12-1934 Athinai        Yugoslavia     4-3 Bulgaria    
26-12-1934 Athinai        Greece         2-2 Romania   
30-12-1934 Athinai        Romania        3-2 Bulgaria   
 1- 1-1935 Athinai        Yugoslavia     4-0 Romania   
 1- 1-1935 Athinai        Greece         1-2 Bulgaria   

 1.Yugoslavia         3  2  0  1   9- 5   4
 2.Greece             3  1  1  1   5- 5   3
 3.Romania            3  1  1  1   5- 8   3
 4.Bulgaria           3  1  0  2   7- 8   2

Topscorers: Tirnanic and Tomasevic (both Yugoslavia) 3 goals.

1935

16- 6-1935 Sofia          Bulgaria       5-2 Greece    
17- 6-1935 Sofia          Yugoslavia     2-0 Romania      [abandoned at 2-0 in 78' due to
19- 6-1935 Sofia          Bulgaria       4-0 Romania       a thunderstorm; result stood]
21- 6-1935 Sofia          Yugoslavia     6-1 Greece   
24- 6-1935 Sofia          Bulgaria       3-3 Yugoslavia
24- 6-1935 Sofia          Romania        2-2 Greece    

Ranking at end of tournament:

 1.Yugoslavia         3  2  1  0  11- 4   5  [goal average 2.75]
 2.Bulgaria           3  2  1  0  12- 5   5  [goal average 2.40]
 3.Greece             3  0  1  2   5-13   1  [goal average 0.38]
 4.Romania            3  0  1  2   2- 8   1  [goal average 0.25]

NB: at the end of the tournament, Yugoslavia were declared winners because of their
    better goal average (the standard tie-breaker at the time) and were handed the
    trophy; Bulgaria protested, stating that if the match between Yugoslavia and
    Romania had finished regularly, the former's goal record might have changed;
    they suggested to play an additional match for the title and the trophy; after
    ten months, the Balkan Cup committee ruled such a match should indeed be played,
    because the protocols and documents setting down the regulations for the 1935
    edition could not be found; Yugoslavia declined to play such a match, stating
    they were no longer interested, and, as announced by Octav Luchide (a Romanian
    secretary of the Balkan Cup committee), sent the trophy back in May 1936, ten
    days before the start of the 1936 edition, played without Yugoslavia; Bulgaria,
    as official 1935 winners, thus brought the trophy (which changed hands to the
    winners of every new edition) to Romania.

Final Ranking:

 1.Bulgaria           
 2.Yugoslavia         
 3.Greece             
 4.Romania            

Topscorer: Angulov (Bulgaria) 5 goals.

1936

17- 5-1936 Bucuresti      Romania        5-2 Greece    
21- 5-1936 Bucuresti      Bulgaria       5-4 Greece    
24- 5-1936 Bucuresti      Romania        4-1 Bulgaria     

 1.Romania            2  2  0  0   9- 3   4
 2.Bulgaria           2  1  0  1   6- 8   2
 3.Greece             2  0  0  2   6-10   0

Topscorer: Schwartz (Romania) 4 goals.

1946

 7-10-1946 TiranŽ         Albania        2-3 Yugoslavia
 8-10-1946 TiranŽ         Bulgaria       2-2 Romania
 9-10-1946 TiranŽ         Albania        3-1 Bulgaria
11-10-1946 TiranŽ         Romania        2-1 Yugoslavia
12-10-1946 TiranŽ         Yugoslavia     2-1 Bulgaria
13-10-1946 TiranŽ         Albania        1-0 Romania

 1.Albania            3  2  0  1   6- 4   4
 2.Yugoslavia         3  2  0  1   6- 5   4
 3.Romania            3  1  1  1   4- 4   3
 4.Bulgaria           3  0  1  2   4- 7   1

Topscorers: Borici, Teciti (both Albania), Reuter (Romania), Sandic (Yugoslavia)
            all 2 goals.

1947

NB: played as Balkan and Central European Championship 

25- 5-1947 TiranŽ         Albania        0-4 Romania
15- 6-1947 Sofia          Bulgaria       2-0 Albania
22- 6-1947 Bucuresti      Romania        1-3 Yugoslavia
29- 6-1947 Beograd        Yugoslavia     2-3 Hungary
 6- 7-1947 Sofia          Bulgaria       2-3 Romania
17- 8-1947 Budapest       Hungary        9-0 Bulgaria
20- 8-1947 Budapest       Hungary        3-0 Albania
14- 9-1947 TiranŽ         Albania        2-4 Yugoslavia
12-10-1947 Zagreb         Yugoslavia     2-1 Bulgaria
12-10-1947 Bucuresti      Romania        0-3 Hungary

 1.Hungary            4  4  0  0  18- 2   8
 2.Yugoslavia         4  3  0  1  11- 7   6
 3.Romania            4  2  0  2   8- 8   4
 4.Bulgaria           4  1  0  3   5-14   2
 5.Albania            4  0  0  4   2-13   0

Topscorer: DeŠk (Hungary) 5 goals.

1948

NB: played as Balkan and Central European Championship 

 4- 4-1948 Sofia          Bulgaria       1-1 Poland
18- 4-1948 Warszawa       Poland         3-1 Czechoslovakia
 2- 5-1948 Bucuresti      Romania        0-1 Albania
23- 5-1948 Budapest       Hungary        2-1 Czechoslovakia 
23- 5-1948 TiranŽ         Albania        0-0 Hungary
 6- 6-1948 Budapest       Hungary        9-0 Romania
20- 6-1948 Bucuresti      Romania        3-2 Bulgaria
27- 6-1948 Beograd        Yugoslavia     0-0 Albania
 4- 7-1948 Sofia          Bulgaria       1-3 Yugoslavia
 4- 7-1948 Bucuresti      Romania        2-1 Czechoslovakia 
25- 8-1948 Warszawa       Poland         0-1 Yugoslavia
29- 8-1948 Sofia          Bulgaria       1-0 Czechoslovakia
19- 9-1948 Warszawa       Poland         2-6 Hungary
10-10-1948 Chorzůw        Poland         0-0 Romania
24-10-1948 Bucuresti      Romania        1-5 Hungary
 7-11-1948 Sofia          Bulgaria       1-0 Hungary

 1.Hungary            6  4  1  1  22- 5   9
 2.Yugoslavia         3  2  1  0   4- 1   5
 3.Romania            6  2  1  3   6-18   5
 4.Bulgaria           5  2  1  2   6- 7   5
 5.Albania            3  1  2  0   1- 0   4
 6.Poland             5  1  2  2   6- 9   4
 7.Czechoslovakia     4  0  0  4   3- 8   0

Competition abandoned.

Topscorer: PuskŠs (Hungary) 5 goals.

NB: the match between Hungary and Czechoslovakia also counted for the 
    V. Dr. GerŲ Cup 1948-1953.

1973/76

Semifinals

18- 4-1973 Izmir          Turkey         5-2 Bulgaria
 8- 5-1974 Sofia          Bulgaria       5-1 Turkey
                          Bulgaria qualified 7-6 on aggregate

29- 5-1974 Bucuresti      Romania        3-1 Greece
24- 9-1975 Thessaloniki   Greece         1-1 Romania
                          Romania qualified 4-2 on aggregate

Final

12- 5-1976 Veliko Tarnovo Bulgaria       1-0 Romania
28-11-1976 Bucuresti      Romania        3-2 Bulgaria
                          Bulgaria win on away goals

Topscorer: «emil (Turkey) 4 goals.

1977/80

First Round

Group 1

16- 2-1977 Istanbul       Turkey         2-0 Bulgaria
23- 3-1977 Bucuresti      Romania        4-0 Turkey
21- 9-1977 Sofia          Bulgaria       3-1 Turkey
22- 3-1978 Istanbul       Turkey         1-1 Romania
 3- 5-1978 Bucuresti      Romania        2-0 Bulgaria
31- 5-1978 Sofia          Bulgaria       1-1 Romania

 1.Romania            4  2  2  0   8- 2   6
 2.Bulgaria           4  1  1  2   4- 6   3
 3.Turkey             4  1  1  2   4- 8   3

Group 2

16-11-1977 Thessaloniki   Greece         0-0 Yugoslavia
15-11-1978 Skopje         Yugoslavia     4-1 Greece
                          Yugoslavia qualified 4-1 on aggregate

Final

30- 3-1980 Beograd        Yugoslavia     2-0 Romania
27- 8-1980 Bucuresti      Romania        4-1 Yugoslavia
                          Romania win 4-3 on aggregate

Topscorer: Iordanescu (Romania) 6 goals.



About this document

Thanks to Yordan Tsirov, Dragan Tonkov and Ivan Gerjikov for their research into the 1935 controversy (sources included: [Mil 03], [Pop 94], "Sports" (Bulgarian sports periodical) issues 1130 (22 Apr 1936) and 1134 (1 May 1936)).

Prepared and maintained by Guy De Dekker and Karel Stokkermans for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation

Authors: Guy De Dekker and Karel Stokkermans (karel.rsssf@gmail.com)
Last updated: 26 Nov 2020

(C) Copyright Guy De Dekker, Karel Stokkermans and RSSSF 1998/2020
You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All rights reserved.