India 2003 Regional Championships


Calcutta | Goa
Calcutta Super Division League (IFA)

NB: league was extended to 12 clubs.

First Stage

Table:

 1. East Bengal Club [champion]         11   11   0   0   36- 3   33
 2. Mohun Bagan AC                      11    9   1   1   21- 3   28
 3. Tollygunge Agragami                 11    5   3   3   14- 8   18
 4. Mohammedan Sporting Club            11    6   0   5   13-13   18
 5. Officer's Choice EverReady SA       11    5   2   4   14- 8   17
 6. Mohammedan AC [promoted]            11    5   2   4   13-18   17
 7. Calcutta Port Trust SC              11    3   4   4   11-14   13
 8. Railway FC [promoted]               11    3   3   5    5-11   12
 9. Bhratri Sangha                      11    3   3   5   10-11   11
10. Eastern Railway SC                  11    2   3   6   10-19    9
11. West Bengal Police [promoted]       11    2   1   8    3-28    7
12. Wari AC [promoted]                  11    0   2   9    1-15    2

17-Jun-03: Eastern Railway SC  3-1 Railway FC
 [E: 3xBenoy Saha; R: SS Chakraborty]
17-Jun-03: Calcutta Port Trust 1-2 Mohammedan AC
 [C: 64 Pradeep Indu; M: 8 Subrata Guha, 66 Nazimul Haque]
17-Jun-03: Bhratri Sangha      0-1 EverReady Association
 [67 Jayanta Sen]
17-Jun-03: West Bengal Police  1-0 Wari AC
 [Narugopal Ghosh]
20-Jun-03: East Bengal Club    4-1 Eastern Railway SC
 [EB: 1,81 Surkumar Singh, 38 Debjit Ghosh, 41 Baichung Bhutia; ER: 62 Henry Odogo]
20-Jun-03: Mohammedan AC       2-0 West Bengal Police
 [Amar Ganguly, Shakil Ahmed]
20-Jun-03: Calcutta Port Trust 1-1 EverReady Association
 [C: Kaushik Prasad; E: Eugene Gray]
23-Jun-03: East Bengal Club    3-0 West Bengal Police
 [15 Baichung Bhutia, 35,89 Alvito D'Cunha]
23-Jun-03: Tollygunge Agragami 1-1 Calcutta Port Trust
 [T: 58 Amit Das; C: 53 Sujit Dey]
24-Jun-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 Wari AC
 [19 Khalid Siddique]
24-Jun-03: Bhratri Sangha      0-1 Railway FC
 [Dulal Patra]
26-Jun-03: Tollygunge Agragami 0-0 Eastern Railway SC
26-Jun-03: Railway FC          1-0 Wari AC
28-Jun-03: Mohun Bagan AC      6-0 West Bengal Police
 [10,45+ Ashim Biswas, 31,73 Sunil Chetri, 42 Manitombi Singh, 57 Mehtab Hussein]
30-Jun-03: East Bengal Club    3-0 Wari AC
 [52,68,80 Suley Musah]
01-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 Tollygunge Agragami
 [47 Renedy Singh]
02-Jul-03: East Bengal Club    3-0 Mohammedan AC
 [42,71 Baichung Bhutia, 77 Alvito D'Cunha]
03-Jul-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-2 Calcutta Port Trust
 [M: 54 Syed Rahim Nadi; C: 43 Pradip Indu, Srimanta Das]
03-Jul-03: Tollygunge Agragami 0-3 Bhratri Sangha
 [36 Swapan Munda, 41,84 Sanjib Sashmal]
04-Jul-03: Eastern Railway SC  1-2 Mohammedan AC
 [E: 10 Henry Odogo; M: 49 Amar Ganguly, 72 Nazimul Haque]
05-Jul-03: East Bengal Club    3-0 Mohun Bagan AC
 [23 Suley Musah, 68,83 Baichung Bhutia]
05-Jul-03: Calcutta Port Trust 0-0 Railway FC
07-Jul-03: Eastern Railway SC  0-0 Wari AC
07-Jul-03: Calcutta Port Trust 0-2 Bhratri Sangha
 [Sanjib Sashmal, 80 P Manoharan]
08-Jul-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 Railway FC
 [24 Satish Minz]
09-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      3-0 Calcutta Port Trust
 [42,78 Ashim Biswas, 82 Jose Barreto]
09-Jul-03: Tollygunge Agragami 1-0 Wari AC
 [17 Akeem Abul Alem]
09-Jul-03: Eastern Railway SC  1-0 West Bengal Police
 [Saikat Mondal]
12-Jul-03: Railway FC          1-0 EverReady Association
 [62 Dinesh Shaw]
12-Jul-03: Bhratri Sangha      1-1 Wari AC
 [B: Ohidul Islam; W: Himadri Chakraborty]
13-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      4-0 Mohammedan AC
 [26,36 Jose Barreto, 45 Marcos Pereira, 45+ Ashim Biswas]
15-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      0-0 EverReady Association
15-Jul-03: Tollygunge Agragami 7-1 West Bengal Police
 [22 Kajal Bhattacharya, 30,80 Akeem Abul Alem, 62 Kaustav Ghosh, 64 Gouranga Dutta, 
  85 Amit Das, 90 Niladri Chakraborty;  W: 88 Mrityunjoy Patra]
17-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 Bhratri Sangha
 [45+ Jose Barreto]
17-Jul-03: Mohammedan Sporting 2-0 West Bengal Police
 [55,65 Dipendu Biswas]
17-Jul-03: Eastern Railway SC  1-2 EverReady Association
 [ER: Somnath Pramanick; Ev: 2xEugene Grey]
17-Jul-03: Calcutta Port Trust 2-0 Wari AC
 [Sujit Dey, Pradip Indu]
18-Jul-03: Tollygunge Agragami 0-0 Railway FC
19-Jul-03: Mohammedan Sporting 3-2 Eastern Railway SC
 [M: 29,72,76 Dipendu Biswas; E: 43 Saikat Mondal, 51 Farid Ali Mollah]
21-Jul-03: Tollygunge Agragami 3-0 Mohammedan AC
 [23 Amit Das, 73 Akeem Abul Alem, 80 Gouranga Datta]
21-Jul-03: Bhratri Sangha      3-0 West Bengal Police
 [2xSanjib Sashmal, P Manoharan]
22-Jul-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 Railway FC
 [10 Marcos Pereira]
22-Jul-03: Mohammedan Sporting 0-1 EverReady Association
 [23 Mohammed Rafique]
24-Jul-03: Mohammedan AC       1-0 Wari AC
 [55 Nazimul Haque]
26-Jul-03: Mohammedan AC       2-1 EverReady Association
 [M: 35 Nazimul Haque, 68 Arup Sarkar; E: 50 Biswarup Bishu]
28-Jul-03: Mohammedan AC       1-1 Railway FC
 [M: Arup Sarkar; R: Suraj Mondal]
28-Jul-03: West Bengal Police  0-4 EverReady Association
 [2xEarnest Jeremiah, Eugene Gray, Surojit Chakraborty]
28-Jul-03: Eastern Railway SC  0-0 Bhratri Sangha
11-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    2-1 EverReady Association
 [EB: 37 Douglas da Silva, 70 Baichung Bhutia; ER: 47 Earnest Jeremiah]
11-Aug-03: Calcutta Port Trust 0-0 West Bengal Police
12-Aug-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 Bhratri Sangha
 [41 Dipendu Biswas]
13-Aug-03: Mohun Bagan AC      3-0 Eastern Railway SC
 [13 Babun Kar, 25,? Hardip Singh Gill]
14-Aug-03: Mohammedan Sporting 3-2 Mohammedan AC
 [MS: 15 Dipendu Biswas, Sheikh Sanjeeb, 45+ Syed Rahim Nabi; MA: Ari Benjamin, Danny Muinro]
16-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    2-0 Tollygunge Agragami
 [78,79 Baichung Bhutia]
18-Aug-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 Wari AC
 [3 Sunil Chetri]
19-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    5-0 Bhratri Sangha
 [9,71 Mike Okoro, 30,40 Suley Musah, 60 Malswam Tulunga]
20-Aug-03: Tollygunge Agragami 1-0 EverReady Association
 [37 Sandip Das]
23-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    4-1 Mohammedan Sporting Club
 [E: 36,40 Mike Okoro, 67 Bijen Singh, 86 Surkumar Singh; M: 83 Dipendu Biswas]
25-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    4-0 Railway FC
 [3,13,22 Mike Okoro, 29 Malswam Tulunga]
28-Aug-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 Mohammedan Sporting Club
 [28 Jose Barreto]
28-Aug-03: East Bengal Club    3-0 Calcutta Port Trust
 [Suley Musah, 45 Mike Okoro, Kalia Kulothungan]
30-Aug-03: Tollygunge Agragami 1-0 Mohammedan Sporting Club
[20 Akeem Abul Alem]
30-Aug-03: Railway FC          0-1 West Bengal Police
 [86 Sunil Mondal]
30-Aug-03: Mohammedan AC       1-1 Bhratri Sangha
 [M: 90 Arup Sarkar; B: 5 Gautam Naha]
30-Aug-03: EverReady Asso.     3-0 Wari AC
30-Aug-03: Eastern Railway SC  1-4 Calcutta Port Trust

Table:

 1. East Bengal Club [champion]         11   11   0   0   36- 3   33
 2. Mohun Bagan AC                      11    9   1   1   21- 3   28
 3. Tollygunge Agragami                 11    5   3   3   14- 8   18
 4. Mohammedan Sporting Club            11    6   0   5   13-13   18
 5. Officer's Choice EverReady SA       11    5   2   4   14- 8   17
 6. Mohammedan AC [promoted]            11    5   2   4   13-18   17
 7. Calcutta Port Trust SC              11    3   4   4   11-14   13
 8. Railway FC [promoted]               11    3   3   5    5-11   12
 9. Bhratri Sangha                      11    3   3   5   10-11   11
10. Eastern Railway SC                  11    2   3   6   10-19    9
11. West Bengal Police [promoted]       11    2   1   8    3-28    7
12. Wari AC [promoted]                  11    0   2   9    1-15    2

Second Stage

Championship Group

Table:

 1. East Bengal Club [champion]         16   13   2   1   43- 8   41
 2. Mohun Bagan AC                      16   12   3   1   28- 4   39
 3. Mohammedan Sporting Club            16    8   3   5   19-17   27
 4. Officer's Choice EverReady SA       16    6   5   5   21-14   23
 5. Tollygunge Agragami                 16    5   6   5   18-16   21
 6. Mohammedan AC [promoted]            16    5   3   8   13-25   18

02-Sep-03: Tollygunge Agragami 1-1 Mohammedan Sporting Club
 [T: 67 Chinmoy Sarkar; M: 1 John Ugwo]
02-Sep-03: Mohammedan AC       0-2 EverReady Association
 [5 Eugene Gray, 48 Earnest Jeremiah]
04-Sep-03: East Bengal Club    0-0 Mohun Bagan AC
05-Sep-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-1 EverReady Association
 [M: 28 Sheikh Sanjib; E: 69 Earnest Jeremiah]
05-Sep-03: Tollygunge Agragami 0-0 Mohammedan AC
07-Sep-03: East Bengal Club    1-2 Mohammedan Sporting Club
 [E: 51 Mike Okoro; M: 49 Sheikh Sanjib, 87 Abdul Rauf Khan]
08-Sep-03: Mohun Bagan AC      1-0 EverReady Association
 [Renedy Singh]
10-Sep-03: East Bengal Club    2-2 EverReady Association
 [EB: 40 Suley Musah, 85 Mike Okoro; EA: 44 Eugene Gray, 88 Earnest Jeremiah]
10-Sep-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 Mohammedan AC
 [22 John Ugwo]
10-Sep-03: Tollygunge Agragami 0-3 Mohun Bagan AC
 [30 Renedy Singh, 73,86 Jose Barreto]
13-Sep-03: East Bengal Club    2-0 Mohammedan AC
 [51 Bijen Singh, 86 Sasthi Duley]
13-Sep-03: Mohammedan Sporting 1-1 Mohun Bagan AC
 [MS: 88 Iqbal Shahnawaz Khan; MB: 11 Manitombi Singh]
14-Sep-03: Tollygunge Agragami 2-2 EverReady Association
 [T: 60 Akeem Abul Alem, Sandip Das; E: Eugene Grey, 41 Earnest Jeremiah]
15-Sep-03: Mohun Bagan AC      2-0 Mohammedan AC
 [36 Jose Barreto, 39 Marcos Pereira]
16-Sep-03: East Bengal Club    2-1 Tollygunge Agragami
 [E: 37 Kalia Kulthungan, 66 Raman Vijayan; T: 73 Manik Barman]

Table:

 1. East Bengal Club [champion]         16   13   2   1   43- 8   41
 2. Mohun Bagan AC                      16   12   3   1   28- 4   39
 3. Mohammedan Sporting Club            16    8   3   5   19-17   27
 4. Officer's Choice EverReady SA       16    6   5   5   21-14   23
 5. Tollygunge Agragami                 16    5   6   5   18-16   21
 6. Mohammedan AC [promoted]            16    5   3   8   13-25   18

Championship Final

02-Nov-03: East Bengal Club    1-1 Mohun Bagan AC [5-4 pen]
 [E: 60 Suley Musah; M: 23 Ashim Biswas]
East Bengal Club win Calcutta Super Division title


Relegation Group

Table:

 7. Eastern Railway SC                   5    2   3   0    3- 0    9
 8. Calcutta Port Trust SC               5    2   3   0    3- 1    9
 9. Railway FC [promoted]                5    2   2   1    3- 1    8
10. Bhratri Sangha                       5    1   3   1    5- 4    6
11. West Bengal Police [promoted]        5    0   4   1    5- 7    4
12. Wari AC [promoted]                   5    0   1   4    3- 9    1

05-Sep-03: Eastern Railway SC  2-0 Wari AC
 [Kuntal Biswas, Farid Ali Mollah]
08-Sep-03: Bhratri Sangha      3-1 Wari AC
 [B: 2xOhidul Islam, Sanjib Sashmal; W: Ujjal Mahji]
08-Sep-03: Eastern Railway SC  0-0 West Bengal Police
08-Sep-03: Calcutta Port Trust 0-0 Railway FC
10-Sep-03: Bhratri Sangha      0-0 Railway FC
10-Sep-03: Calcutta Port Trust 1-1 West Bengal Police
 [C: Sebastian Jerome; W: Narugopal Ghosh]
13-Sep-03: West Bengal Police  2-2 Wari AC
13-Sep-03: Eastern Railway SC  1-0 Railway FC
13-Sep-03: Calcutta Port Trust 1-0 Bhratri Sangha
26-Sep-03: Railway FC          1-0 Wari AC
 [Subhranil Datta]
26-Sep-03: Bhratri Sangha      2-2 West Bengal Police
 [B: Debu Pradhan, Ohidul Islam; W: 2xNarugopl Ghosh]
26-Sep-03: Eastern Railway SC  0-0 Calcutta Port Trust
29-Sep-03: Calcutta Port Trust 1-0 Wari AC
 [Sebastian Jerome]
29-Sep-03: Eastern Railway SC  0-0 Bhratri Sangha
29-Sep-03: Railway FC          2-0 West Bengal Police
 [Surajit Mondal, Basu Banik]

Table:

 7. Eastern Railway SC                   5    2   3   0    3- 0    9
 8. Calcutta Port Trust SC               5    2   3   0    3- 1    9
 9. Railway FC [promoted]                5    2   2   1    3- 1    8
10. Bhratri Sangha                       5    1   3   1    5- 4    6
11. West Bengal Police [promoted]        5    0   4   1    5- 7    4
12. Wari AC [promoted]                   5    0   1   4    3- 9    1

Relegazion Playoff

First Legs
10-Oct-03: Railway FC          2-1 West Bengal Police
 [R: Gaurab Dutta, Suraj Mondal; W: Jayanta Roy]
10-Oct-03: Wari AC             2-1 Bhratri Sangha
 [W: Supratik Ain, Deepak Das; B: Pratap Senapati]

Second Legs
13-Oct-03: WB Police           1-1 Railway FC
13-Oct-03: Bhratri Sangha      2-2 Wari AC

West Bengal Police & Bhratri Sangha are relegated to the first division Group A


6th Goan Professional League 2003

Final Table:

 1. Salgaocar Sports Club [champion] 12   7  3  2   14- 4   24
 2. Dempo Sports Club                12   7  2  3   16-10   23
 3. Sporting Club de Goa             12   6  2  4   11- 8   20
 4. Churchill Brothers SC            12   5  4  3   11-10   19
 5. Fransa Football Club             12   2  5  5   12-15   11
 6. Vasco Sports Club                12   2  4  6   11-18   10
 7. Cabral Sports Club               12   1  4  7    9-19    7
 -. Corps of Signals [promoted]      withdrew

Round 1
19-Aug-03: Vasco Sports Club     2-0 Cabral Sports Club
 [42 Levy Coelho, 80 Agnelo Jose Gomes]
19-Aug-03: Dempo Sports Club     2-1 Sporting Clube de Goa
 [D: 65 Wilton Gomes, 77 RC Prakash; S: 55 Amaechi Nwabunwanne]
20-Aug-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 0-0 Fransa FC

Round 2
23-Aug-03: Vasco Sports Club     1-1 Fransa FC
 [V: ?; F: 90 Bruno Coutinho]
23-Aug-03: Dempo Sports Club     1-1 Cabral Sports Club
24-Aug-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 0-0 Churchill Brothers SC

Round 3
26-Aug-03: Dempo Sports Club     2-0 Vasco Sports Club
 [36,77 Sunday Seah]
27-Aug-03: Churchill Brothers SC 1-0 Fransa FC
 [90+ Mohammed Najeeb]
27-Aug-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 0-1 Sporting Clube de Goa
 [41 Joseph Pereira]

Round 4
30-Aug-03: Churchill Brothers SC 0-1 Sporting Clube de Goa
[70 MacPherlin Dudu Omagbemi]
30-Aug-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 3-0 Cabral Sports Club
[33 Bello Rasaq, 50 Freddy Mascarenhas, 79 Climax Lawrence]
30-Aug-03: Dempo Sports Club     1-1 Fransa FC
[D: 83 Francis Silveira; F: 88 Jose Carvalho]

Round 5
03-Sep-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 1-0 Vasco Sports Club
 [33 Felix Ibrebru, 77 Dharamjit Singh, 80 Samson Singh]
03-Sep-03: Churchill Brothers SC 1-1 Cabral Sports Club
 [CB: 44 Harinder Singh; Ca: 32 Thomas D'Cruz]
03-Sep-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 1-1 Fransa FC
 [S: 36 MacPherlin Dudu Omagbemi; F: 52 Ivan D'Silva]

Round 6
06-Sep-03: Churchill Brothers SC 3-2 Vasco Sports Club
 [C: 20 InnocentAmmamchugwu (own Goal), 41 Mohammed Najeeb, 62 Roque Barreto;
  V: 85 John Dias, 87 Agnelo Jose Gomes]
07-Sep-03: Salgaocar Sports Club 1-0 Dempo Sports Club
 [54 Bello Rasaq]
07-Sep-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 0-1 Cabral Sports Club
 [23 Nicholas Borges]

Round 7
13-Sep-03: Fransa FC             2-1 Cabral Sports Club
 [F: 55 Ivan Fiel Da Silva, 90 Kishore Palkar; C: 87 Jerose Oliveira]
14-Sep-03: Churchill Brothers SC 1-0 Dempo Sports Club
 [36 Roque Barreto]
14-Sep-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 3-1 Vasco Sports Club
 [S: 1.45+ MacPherlin Dudu Omagbemi, 82 Amaechi Nwabunwanne; V: 38 Menino Fernandes]

Round 8
16-Sep-03: Cabral Sports Club    1-3 Fransa FC
 [C: 40 Thomas D'Cruz; F: 55,75 Ivan Fiel Da Silva, 59 Marcos Rogerio Secco]
17-Sep-03: Dempo Sports Club     1-0 Churchill Brothers SC
 [79 Francis Silveira]
17-Sep-03: Vasco Sports Club     0-1 Sporting Clube de Goa
 [67 MacPherlin Dudu Omagbemi]

Round 9
20-Sep-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 1-0 Dempo Sports Club
 [90+ Alvito Rodrigues]
20-Sep-03: Cabral Sports Club    2-3 Vasco Sports Club
 [C: 12 Nicholas Borges, 89 Remy Colaco; V: 47,72 Sukhwinder Singh, 65 Levy Coelho]
21-Sep-03: Fransa FC             0-1 Salgaocar Sports Club
 [89 Climax Lawrence]

Round 10
23-Sep-03: Cabral Sports Club    0-1 Dempo Sports Club
 [82 Sunday Seah]
24-Sep-03: Fransa FC             0-0 Vasco Sports Club
24-Sep-03: Churchill Brothers SC 0-3 Salgaocar Sports Club *
* match awarded to Salgaocar as Churchill Bros didn't turn-up

Round 11
27-Sep-03: Vasco Sports Club     2-3 Dempo Sports Club
 [V: 23 Agnelo Jose Gomes, 90+ Sushanth Mathew; D: 2,7,20 Sunday Seah]
28-Sep-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 0-1 Salgaocar Sports Club
 [26 Climax Lawrence]
28-Sep-03: Fransa FC             1-3 Churchill Brothers SC
 [F: 30 Ivan Fiel Da Silva; C: 12 Rajesh Meetei, 59 Riston Rodrigues, 87 Mohammed Najeeb]

Round 12
01-Oct-03: Sporting Clube de Goa 0-1 Churchill Brothers SC
 [Tiken Singh]
01-Oct-03: Cabral Sports Club    1-2 Salgaocar Sports Club
 [C: 72 Thomas D'Cruz; S: 35,75 Felix Ibrebru]
01-Oct-03: Fransa FC             2-3 Dempo Sports Club
 [F: 1 Agustine Rodrigues, 76 Ivan Da Silva; D: 64 Raju Singh, 83 RC Prakash, 90 Alex Ambrose]

Round 13
04-Oct-03: Vasco Sports Club     0-0 Salgaocar Sports Club
05-Oct-03: Cabral Sports Club    1-1 Churchill Brothers SC
 [Ca: 30 Cristovam Colaco; CB: 90 AS Firoze]
05-Oct-03: Fransa FC             1-2 Sporting Clube de Goa
 [F: 53 Nicholas Rodrigues; S: 27,89 MacPherlin Dudu Omagbemi]

Round 14
08-Oct-03: Vasco Sports Club     0-0 Churchill Brothers SC
08-Oct-03: Cabral Sports Club    0-0 Sporting Clube de Goa
09-Oct-03: Dempo Sports Club     2-0 Salgaocar Sports Club
 [38 Raju Singh, 88 Clifford Miranda]

Final Table:

 1. Salgaocar Sports Club [champion] 12   7  3  2   14- 4   24
 2. Dempo Sports Club                12   7  2  3   16-10   23
 3. Sporting Club de Goa             12   6  2  4   11- 8   20
 4. Churchill Brothers SC            12   5  4  3   11-10   19
 5. Fransa Football Club             12   2  5  5   12-15   11
 6. Vasco Sports Club                12   2  4  6   11-18   10
 7. Cabral Sports Club               12   1  4  7    9-19    7
 -. Corps of Signals [promoted]      withdrew


2002 regional leagues.

2002/03 (national league).

2003/04 (national league).

2004 regional leagues.

list of champions.

list of topscorers.

list of calcutta league champions.

list of delhi league champions.

list of goa league champions.

list of federation cup finals.

list of santosh trophy finals.

list of durand cup finals.

list of ifa shield finals.

list of rovers cup finals.


About this document

Prepared and maintained by Arunava Chaudhuri for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation

Author: Arunava Chaudhuri (chaudhua@uni-duesseldorf.de),
Last updated: 6 Dec 2006

(C) Copyright Arunava Chaudhuri and RSSSF 2003/06
You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All rights reserved.