XI. Olympiad Berlin 1936 Football Tournament


Introduction | Tournament Set-Up | Match Details | Final Ranking | Topscorers | Referees | About this document

Introduction

As the Olympics returned to Europe, football returned to the Games. In 1932, it had not been on the programme in Los Angeles for a combination of reasons (disputes about amateurism, less than overwhelming interest in the United States, and FIFA's desire to protect the status of its new World Cup tournament, first held two years earlier), but the German organisers did not want to renounce on the event pulling the biggest crowds (the four final matches had an average attendance of more than ninety thousand!).
However, it was not an altogether happy return, for various reasons, some connected to what might be termed the Zeitgeist. One positive aspect was the first ever entry of two Far Eastern countries, China and Japan (less than a year later, the latter would inflict the second Sino-Japanese War on the former, culminating within half a year in the atrocities of the Nanking Massacre). On the other hand, half a dozen traditional entrants, all bordering Germany, were absent. Not for political reasons (Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland all sent more than a hundred athletes to the Games, France just over two hundred), but because of the "amateur question". In March, Czechoslovakia, France and Switzerland, who all had a professional football league at the time, had already decided against sending a weak amateur selection, and Belgium also refrained from entering because of the 1933 IOC decision that players who had received "broken time payments" could not be considered amateurs.
For the same reason, on May 18, the football federation of the Netherlands, the only country which had entered all five previous official Olympic football tournaments, announced, with considerable regret as the Dutch football side had been in fine form that season, that it would not register for the tournament, after having received confirmation that two key players (captain Puck van Heel and first choice goalkeeper Leo Halle) would not be eligible (in spite of being much purer amateurs than most of the Italian "student" selection, whose players may all have been uncapped but for the most part had been bloodied in the Serie A; several had already played in the Mitropa Cup).
The football itself was lacking in quality, and sportsmanship was often lacking altogether. The tone was set in the first match between Italy and the United States, in which the Azzurri, who had had the German crowd on their side at the beginning of the encounter, misbehaved so badly that Dutch newspapers reported that the spectators not only changed sides but saw the Italians off with shouts of "Geef ze maar aan den Negus!" (presumably "Gibt sie doch dem Negus!" in the original), in reference to Haile Selassie, the ruler of Abyssinia where Italy was waging war at the time. (One is reminded of Nicolae Titulescu's exclamation of "A la porte les sauvages!" directed at unruly Italian journalists at the League of Nations five weeks earlier.) Apart from the Italian team, also the Austrian, Peruvian and Polish sides came in for considerable criticism from the Dutch press; the quarter-final between Austria and Peru apparently was little more than a mutual Treterei, with even the spectators joining in. More than one commentator was reminded of the Germany-Uruguay quarter-final in Amsterdam eight years before.
The most memorable result (in, it should be added, a clean match) was Norway's surprise win over Germany – quite probably the greatest upset in any Olympic football tournament to date; in addition, Japan came back from two goals down to oust Sweden before being annihilated by Italy, and Poland and Great Britain combined for nine goals in a spectacular quarter-final. Now that the IOC is withdrawing medals (for doping offences) years after they were handed out, it might also, in the pursuit of justice and sportsmanship, consider retracting the gold and silver medals for this tournament, and hand the gold to bronze medalists Norway, about the only country to come out of the tournament with a better reputation than going in.


Tournament Set-Up

In April, before the close of registration and thus before the number of participating countries was known, it was decided that the main tournament would start on 3 August with the round of sixteen. If more than sixteen countries were to enter, preliminary round matches were to be played between 26 July and 1 August in various German cities, not including Berlin. However, as eventually exactly sixteen teams took part, such matches were not necessary.
At the same time, it was announced that the countries eliminated in the preliminary round and the round of sixteen would be invited for a consolation tournament, to be organised by the German football federation. That consolation tournament would again be a straight knock-out tournament, with matches to be played between 31 July and 12 August (possibly to be extended to 22 August depending on the number of entrants), in various German cities. Eventually, this consolation tournament never took place (unlike the (grass) hockey competition, in which all seven teams eliminated before the semi-finals entered a consolation round, albeit without any tournament structure).
Before the draw, the sixteen entrants were seeded by dividing them over two groups, the stronger group A consisting of Egypt, Germany, Great Britain (Amateur), Italy, Norway, Peru, Poland and Sweden and the weaker group B comprising Austria (Amateur), China, Finland, Hungary (Amateur), Japan, Luxembourg, Turkey and the U.S.A. (Amateur), with teams from the same group being kept apart in the first round. (This was a novelty; previous draws of Olympic football tournaments had been completely random.) Note that Italy, although officially entering an amateur side, considered all its matches official, whereas Austria, Great Britain, Hungary and the United States, who also had a professional league, did not (they were also more serious about sending real amateur players than the Italians). At the draw on 19 July, the entire tournament bracket was fixed at once.


Match Details

Olympic Football Tournament

OLYMPIC FOOTBALL TOURNAMENT

NB: Apart from the 16 countries which eventually entered, also Bulgaria and Portugal had
      registered by 23 June, but withdrew before the draw four weeks later; Estonia and
      India had withdrawn before the close of registration after entering initially.
    All contemporary sources copy the attendance figures given by [IFF 00 (Band 2)];
      however, considering the aggregate attendance figures listed in the official report
      (92,703 for the five matches at the Poststadion; 17,679 for the four matches at the
      Mommsenstadion; 23,534 for the three matches at the Hertha-Sportplatz; and 373,553
      for the four matches at the Olympiastadion; unfortunately it does not give numbers
      for individual matches), it is clear that those estimates (which add up to 87,000
      at the Poststadion; 30,000 at the Mommsenstadion; 12,500 at the Hertha-Sportplatz;
      and 357,000 at the Olympiastadion) are too high for the Mommsenstadion and too low
      for the Hertha-Sportplatz; therefore, we included attendance figures published in
      contemporary Dutch newspaper reports, which are quite different for four matches:
      the first round meeting between Norway and Turkey, the quarter-final match between
      Italy and Japan, the scandalous encounter between Austria and Peru, and the final
      itself (which is unlikely to have been attended by fewer spectators than the bronze
      medal match).

First Round

3 August 1936 - Poststadion -  Berlin - Att: 9,000
Ref: Karl Weingärtner (Ger) - Lin: R. Eklöw (Swe), M. Hamus (Lux)
ITALY         1 (Frossi 58)
UNITED STATES 0
HT: 0-0
Italy: Venturini - Foni, Rava - Baldo, Piccini, Locatelli - Frossi,
       Marchini, Scarabello, Biagi, Capelli (cap).
USA: Bartkus - Greinert, Zbikowski - Crockett, Pietras, Altemose - Gajda,
     Nemchik, Lutkefedder, Fiedler, Ryan.
Sent off: Rava (53).
NB: when Rava was sent off, a number of Italian players physically attacked the
    referee, grabbing him and covering his mouth; it took five minutes for Rava
    to leave the field; it was also reported Piccini was sent off but allowed to
    stay on the field after violent Italian protests; judging from reports in
    contemporary Dutch newspapers (some relating the sending off of Rava, others
    the Piccini story – but none of them describing both), the two incidents may
    in fact have been one and the same confused and prolonged outrage;
    Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 5,000 or (almost) 10,000.

3 August 1936 - Mommsenstadion -  Berlin - Att: 8,000 (?!)
Ref: Giuseppe Scarpi (Ita) - Lin: F. Hafiz (Egy), H. Fink (Ger)
NORWAY 4 (Martinsen 35, 73, Brustad 55, Kvammen 81)
TURKEY 0
HT: 1-0
Norway: Johansen - Horn, Eriksen - Ulleberg, Juve (cap), Holmberg - Hansen,
        Isaksen, Martinsen, R. Kvammen, Brustad.
Turkey: Cihat - Yaşar, Hüsnü (cap) - Mehmet Reşat, Lütfü,
        İbrahim - Niyazi, Sait, Hakkı Yeten, Rebii, Fikret.
NB: the attendance figure of 8,000 is undoubtedly far too high; Dutch newspaper
    reports gave the attendance as "very poor" (suggesting perhaps 1,000).

4 August 1936 - Hertha-Sportplatz -  Berlin - Att: 5,000
Ref: Willy Peters (Ger) - Lin: H. Fink (Ger), K. Weingärtner (Ger)
JAPAN  3 (Kawamoto 49, Ukon 62, Matsunaga 85)
SWEDEN 2 (Persson 24, 37)
HT: 0-2
Japan: Sano - Horie, Takeuchi (cap) - Tatsuhara, Oita, Kim - Matsunaga, Ukon,
       Kawamoto, T. Kamo, Sh. Kamo.
Sweden: Bergqvist - O. Andersson, Källström - Carlund (cap), Emanuelsson,
        T. Johansson - Josefsson, Persson, Jonasson, Grahn, Hallman. 
NB: T. Kamo withdrew injured after 80 minutes;
    left half Kim Yong-sik (known as Kin Yōshoku in Japanese) would also play
    two Olympic matches for his native Korea in 1948.

4 August 1936 - Poststadion -  Berlin - Att: 12,000
Ref: Pál Hertzka (Hun) - Lin: R. Scorzoni (Ita), G. Scarpi (Ita)
GERMANY    9 (Urban 16, 53, 73, Simetsreiter 28, 48, 72, Gauchel 50, 90, Elbern 76)
LUXEMBOURG 0 
HT: 2-0
Germany: Buchloh - Münzenberg (cap), Ditgens - Mehl, Goldbrunner, Bernard -
         Elbern, Gauchel, Hohmann, Urban, Simetsreiter.
Luxembourg: Hoscheid - Mousel, Majerus - Kieffer (cap), Frisch, Fischer -
            Stamet, Mengel, Mart, Geib, Kemp.
NB: Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 10,000.

5 August 1936 - Poststadion -  Berlin - Att: 5,000
Ref: Raffaele Scorzoni (Ita) - Lin: F. Hafiz (Egy), M. Badr el-Din (Egy)
POLAND  3 (Gad 12, 27, Wodarz 88)
HUNGARY 0
HT: 2-0
Poland: Albański - Martyna (cap), Gałecki - Kotlarczyk II, Wasiewicz, Dytko -
        R. Piec, Scherfke II, Peterek, Gad, Wodarz.
Hungary: Régi - Kovács I, Berta - Lágler, Von Bohus, Király - 
         Scheidl, Kiss, Klauber (cap), Bérczes, Csutorás. 
NB: Bérczes withdrew injured after 70 minutes;
    Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 6,000.

5 August 1936 - Mommsenstadion -  Berlin - Att: 6,000
Ref: Jimmy Jewell (Eng) - Lin: A. Barton (Eng), M. Hamus (Lux)
AUSTRIA 3 (Steinmetz 5, 66, Laudon 8)
EGYPT   1 (Kerim 85)
HT: 2-0; missed penalty: Mahmoud (Egy, 45+2)
Austria: E. Kainberger (cap) - Künz, Kargl - Krenn, Wahlmüller, Hofmeister -
         Werginz, Laudon, Steinmetz, Kitzmüller, Fuchsberger.
Egypt: Mansour - El-Kaf, Halim - El-Far, Youssef, El-Kashef - Latif,
       Kerim, Taha, Mokhtar (cap), Mahmoud.
NB: the official report lists A.M. El Sayed instead of (A.M.) El-Kaf and
    H.A. Hassanein instead of (H.A.) El-Far;
    Mokhtar withdrew injured after 65 minutes;
    Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 5,000.

6 August 1936 - Hertha-Sportplatz -  Berlin - Att: 2,500
Ref: Rinaldo Barlassina (Ita) - Lin: P. Hertzka (Hun), G. Scarpi (Ita)
PERU    7 (T. Fernández 18, 35, 47, 49, 70, Villanueva 22, 67)
FINLAND 3 (Kanerva 42pen, Gronlund 80, Larvo 82)
HT: 3-1
Peru: Valdivieso (cap) - A. Fernández, V. Lavalle - Tovar, S. Castillo, Jordán -
      T. Alcalde, Magallanes, T. Fernández, Villanueva, Morales.
Finland: Salminen - Karjagin, Närvänen - Kanerva, Malmgren (cap), Lahti -
         Weckström, Gustafsson, Larvo, Grönlund, Lehtonen.

6 August 1936 - Mommsenstadion -  Berlin - Att: 8,000
Ref: Helmut Fink (Ger) - Lin: W. Peters (Ger), K. Weingärtner (Ger)
GREAT BRITAIN 2 (Dodds 54, Finch 65)
CHINA         0
HT: 0-0 
GB: Hill - Holmes, Fulton - Gardiner, Joy (cap), Pettit - Crawford, Kyle, Dodds,
    Edelston, Finch.
China: Pau Ka-ping - Lee Tin-sang, Tam Kong-pak - Chui Ah-pei, Wong Ki-leung,
       Chan Chan-ho - Tso Kwai-Shing, Fung King-cheung, Lee Wai-tong,
       Suen Kam-shuen, Ip Pak-wah.
NB: Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 9,000.

Quarter-Finals

7 August 1936 - Mommsenstadion -  Berlin - Att: 8,000 (?!)
Ref: Otto Olsson (Swe) - Lin: F. Hafiz (Egy), M. Badr el-Din (Egy)
ITALY 8 (Frossi 13, 74, 77, Biagi 33, 55, 81, 84, Capelli 89)
JAPAN 0
NB: other sources credited the sixth goal to Marchini instead of Biagi.
HT: 2-0
Italy: Venturini - Foni, Rava - Baldo, Piccini, Locatelli - Frossi,
       Marchini, Bertoni I, Biagi, Capelli (cap).
Japan: Sano - Suzuki, Takeuchi (cap) - Tatsuhara, Oita, Kim - Matsunaga, Ukon,
       Kawamoto, T. Kamo, Sh. Kamo.
NB: left half Kim Yong-sik (known as Kin Yōshoku in Japanese) would also play
    two Olympic matches for his native Korea in 1948;
    the attendance figure of 8,000 is almost certainly too high; Dutch newspaper
    reports gave the attendance as 4,000.

7 August 1936 - Poststadion -  Berlin - Att: 55,000
Ref: Arthur Barton (Eng) - Lin: M. Hamus (Lux), J. Jewell (Eng)
NORWAY  2 (Isaksen 8, 83)
GERMANY 0 
HT: 1-0
Norway: Johansen - Eriksen, Holmsen - Ulleberg, Juve (cap), Holmberg -
        R. Kvammen, Frantzen, Martinsen, Isaksen, Brustad.
Germany: Jakob - Münzenberg, Ditgens - Gramlich (cap), Goldbrunner, Bernard -
         Lehner, Siffling, Lenz, Urban, Simetsreiter.

8 August 1936 - Poststadion-  Berlin - Att: 6,000
Ref: Rudolf Eklöw (Swe) - Lin: O. Olsson (Swe), M. Hamus (Lux)
POLAND        5 (Gad 35, Wodarz 42, 49, 55, R. Piec 58) 
GREAT BRITAIN 4 (Clements 25, Shearer 72, Joy 78, 81)
NB: other sources credited the last goal to Shearer instead of Joy.
HT: 2-1
Poland: Albański - Martyna (cap), Gałecki - Kotlarczyk II, Wasiewicz, Dytko -
        R. Piec, Scherfke II, Peterek, Gad, Wodarz.
GB: Hill - Holmes, Fulton - Gardiner, Joy (cap), Sutcliffe - Crawford, Shearer,
    Clements, Riley, Finch.

8 August 1936 - Hertha-Sportplatz - Berlin - Att: 5,000 (?!)
Ref: Thoralf Kristiansen (Nor) - Lin: P. Hertzka (Hun), E. Pekonen (Fin)
PERU    4 (T. Alcalde 75, Villanueva 81, 119, T. Fernández 115)
AUSTRIA 2 (Werginz 23, Steinmetz 37)
NB: all contemporary reports described the first Peruvian goal as an own goal
    (either by Kargl or Künz).
AET; FT: 2-2, HT: 0-2
Peru: Valdivieso (cap) - A. Fernández, V. Lavalle - Tovar, S. Castillo, Jordán -
      Magallanes, J. Alcalde, T. Fernández, Villanueva, Morales.
Austria: E. Kainberger (cap) - Künz, Kargl - Krenn, Wahlmüller, Hofmeister -
         Werginz, Laudon, Steinmetz, Kitzmüller, Fuchsberger. 
NB: Laudon withdrew injured after 64 minutes after a brutal foul by Lavalle, returning
    briefly (for 4 minutes) at the start of extra time;
    Peruvian fans and officials repeatedly invaded the field; after their third goal,
    one Austrian player (Krenn) was kicked by one of them; upon a protest by Austria,
    the Jury of Appeal of the FIFA, in a session which no Peruvian representatives
    attended in spite of having been invited to do so, ordered a replay behind closed
    doors on the ground that "there existed factors hampering the normal course of
    events during the match"; see also below;
    the attendance figure of 5,000 is undoubtedly far off; Dutch newspaper reports
    gave the attendance as 20,000, an Austrian report as 12,000; assuming it was
    about 15,000 would more or less remove the discrepancy with the total number
    of spectators at this venue given in the official report.

Quarter-Final Replay

10 August 1936 - Poststadion - Berlin - Att: 0
Ref: Rinaldo Barlassina (Ita) - Lin: G. Scarpi (Ita), R. Scorzoni (Ita)
AUSTRIA won by walk-over.
PERU    withdrew.

Semi-Finals

10 August 1936 - Olympiastadion -  Berlin - Att: 95,000
Ref: Pál Hertzka (Hun) - Lin: A. Birlem (Ger), H. Fink (Ger)
ITALY  2 (Negro 15, Frossi 96)
NORWAY 1 (Brustad 57)
AET; FT: 1-1, HT: 1-0
Italy: Venturini - Foni (cap), Rava - Baldo, Piccini, Locatelli - Frossi,
       Marchini, Bertoni I, Biagi, Negro.
Norway: Johansen - Eriksen, Holmsen - Ulleberg, Juve (cap), Holmberg -
        Frantzen, R. Kvammen, Martinsen, Isaksen, Brustad.
NB: an Austrian report gave the attendance as 90,000.

11 August 1936 - Olympiastadion -  Berlin - Att: 82,000
Ref: Arthur Barton (Eng) - Lin: O. Olsson (Swe), J. Jewell (Eng)
AUSTRIA 3 (K. Kainberger 17, Werginz 54, Laudon 88)
POLAND  1 (Gad 76)
NB: other reports credit the last goal to Mandl.
HT: 1-0
Austria: E. Kainberger (cap) - Künz, Kargl - Krenn, Wahlmüller, Hofmeister -
         Werginz, Laudon, Mandl, K. Kainberger, Fuchsberger.
Poland: Albański - Martyna (cap), Gałecki - Kotlarczyk II, Wasiewicz, Dytko -
        R. Piec, Musielak, Peterek, Gad, Wodarz. 

Bronze Medal Game

13 August 1936 - Olympiastadion -  Berlin - Att: 95,000
Ref: Alfred Birlem (Ger) - Lin: W. Peters (Ger), R. Eklöw (Swe)
NORWAY 3 (Brustad 15, 23, 84)
POLAND 2 (Wodarz 3, Peterek 25)
HT: 2-2
Norway: Johansen - Eriksen, Holmsen - Ulleberg, Juve (cap), Holmberg -
        Monsen, R. Kvammen, Martinsen, Frantzen, Brustad. 
Poland: Albański (cap) - Szczepaniak, Gałecki - Góra, Cebulak, Dytko -
        Kisieliński II, Matyas II, Peterek, Gad, Wodarz.

Final

15 August 1936 - Olympiastadion -  Berlin - Att: 85,000 (?!)
Ref: Peco Bauwens (Ger) - Lin: O. Olsson (Swe), P. Hertzka (Hun)
ITALY   2 (Frossi 68, 92)
AUSTRIA 1 (Fuchsberger 79)
NB: most modern sources credit the Austrian goal to K. Kainberger, but contemporary
    Austrian newspapers listed Fuchsberger, with Kainberger providing the assist,
    which the latter confirmed in an interview in 1996 and can apparently be seen
    on a video.
AET; FT: 1-1, HT: 0-0
Italy: Venturini - Foni (cap), Rava - Baldo, Piccini, Locatelli - Frossi,
       Marchini, Bertoni I, Biagi, Gabriotti. 
Austria: E. Kainberger (cap) - Künz, Kargl - Krenn, Wahlmüller, Hofmeister -
         Werginz, Laudon, Steinmetz, K. Kainberger, Fuchsberger.
NB: Dutch newspaper reports gave the attendance as 100,000 (which, if the totals for
    the semi-finals and the bronze medal match are correct, fits the aggregate total
    in the official report); an Austrian report suggested an attendance of 120,000.

Final Ranking

Rk  Country         P  W  T  L   F  A  Pts  GAvg
 1  ITALY           4  4  0  0  13- 2   8   6.50
 2  Austria         3  2  0  1   7- 4   4   1.75
 3  Norway          4  3  0  1  10- 4   6   2.50
 4  Poland          4  2  0  2  11-10   4   1.10
 5  Peru            1  1  0  0   7- 3   2   3.13
    Germany         2  1  0  1   9- 2   2   4.50
    Great Britain   2  1  0  1   6- 5   2   1.20
    Japan           2  1  0  1   3-10   2   0.30
 9  Sweden          1  0  0  1   2- 3   0   0.67
    Finland         1  0  0  1   3- 7   0   0.43
    Egypt           1  0  0  1   1- 3   0   0.33
    USA             1  0  0  1   0- 1   0   0.00
    China           1  0  0  1   0- 2   0   0.00
    Hungary         1  0  0  1   0- 3   0   0.00
    Turkey          1  0  0  1   0- 4   0   0.00
    Luxembourg      1  0  0  1   0- 9   0   0.00

NB: records do not include the annulled quarter-final between Austria and Peru nor the
    Austrian win by forfeit in the replay;
    after the medalists, teams are only ranked by the round in which they were eliminated.

Topscorers

 7 Frossi (Ita)       [scored in all four matches of Italy]
 5 Brustad (Nor)
   T. Fernández (Per) [without goal in annulled match against Austria]
   Wodarz (Pol)
 4 Biagi (Ita)
   Gad (Pol)
 3 Simetsreiter (Ger)
   Urban (Ger)

NB: if one includes the goals of the annulled match between Austria and Peru, two
    more players scored at least 3 goals:
 4 Villanueva (Per)   [includes 2 goals in annulled match against Austria]
 3 Steinmetz (Aut)    [includes 1 goal in annulled match against Peru]

Referees

The men in black at this tournament had a most ungrateful task, and the Italian antics on the opening day (physically assaulting German referee Weingärtner when Rava received his marching orders) did not help. Perhaps influenced by that, no other players were sent off during the competition, although such would have been justified on more than one occasion. (In fact, Weingärtner would have been well within his rights to send off several Italian players for that incident alone, and newspaper descriptions of Lavalle's foul eliminating Laudon suggest it certainly merited expulsion as well.)
However, the main talking point of the tournament did not concern the referees but the decision of the FIFA Jury of Appeal to order a replay of the battle between Austria and Peru. This is usually considered scandalous and often assumed to have been influenced by Nazi pressure on the Jury, but that judgment has to be qualified. The Austrians protested on two main grounds, the inadequacy of the refereeing and the inadequacy of the venue (its Unzulänglichkeit, not its size, as sometimes claimed), resulting in spectators entering the field of play repeatedly and eventually injuring an Austrian player (Krenn). The first ground was of course thrown out, but the second led to prolonged discussions after the referee and linesmen had been heard. (The jury meeting started on Sunday 9 August, the day after the match, and was adjourned at one o'clock in the night to be resumed on the morning of 10 August; the Peruvians were invited both for the original session and again for the resumption the next day but failed to attend either meeting.) The final decision (to replay the match on 10 August at five in the afternoon, behind closed doors) was announced at noon. Much has been made of the composition (five Europeans) of the Jury, but looking at the individual members, only one (Giovanni Mauro of Italy, known for his laissez-faire style of refereeing at another Olympic football battle, that between Spain and Sweden in 1920) can possibly be considered to have been politically biased towards Austria. Three of the other members (Rodolphe Seeldrayers of Belgium, Rudolf Pelikán of Czechoslovakia, and Jules Rimet of France) had no reason whatsoever to feel particularly lenient towards either Germany or Austria (after all, they all had lived through the Great War) and the fifth was Anton Johanson of Sweden. It must also be kept in mind that the kick against Krenn was not an isolated incident; twice during the match Peco Bauwens, president of the organising committee, had intervened in a futile attempt to calm down both contestants and spectators. Ordering a replay behind closed doors was doubtlessly controversial, but certainly not the most scandalous jury ruling at the 1936 Olympics (that was the decision to fine German (amateur!) cyclist Merkens for an illegal manoeuvre in the first leg of the sprint final but homologate his ill-gotten win).

Full Name                                Country              DoB            DoD       Matches   Fin   SF 
Arthur Willoughby Barton                 England           14- 9-1899     24- 8-1976      2             1
Pál Vitéz Hertzka                        Hungary            6- 1-1898     29-12-1978      2             1
Peter Joseph "Peco" Bauwens              Germany           24-12-1886     17-11-1963      1       1
Rinaldo Barlassina                       Italy              2- 5-1898     23-12-1946      1
August Robert Alfred Birlem              Germany           10- 1-1888     13- 4-1956      1
Rudolf Emanuel Eklöw                     Sweden            15- 1-1904     29- 9-1986      1
Helmut Fink                              Germany                 1895                     1
Arthur James "Jimmy" Jewell              England            2- 1-1898     21-10-1952      1
Thoralf Johannes Kristiansen             Norway            22- 4-1900      2- 4-1954      1
Otto Rudolf Olsson                       Sweden            29- 9-1890     30- 7-1944      1
Wilhelm "Willy" Hans Chr. Carl Peters    Germany           18- 3-1901     16- 2-1941      1
Giuseppe Scarpi                          Italy             25-12-1900     13-10-1952      1
Raffaele Augusto Giuseppe Scorzoni       Italy             28- 4-1902      8- 7-1975      1
Karl Weingärtner                         Germany              11-1895           1971      1

overview file 1936


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About this document

Sources included: [IFF 00 (Band 2)], [Kol 09], Olympic Official Reports Collection, Linguasport, wikipedia, Austria Soccer, eu-football.info, various contemporary Austrian newspapers (available through ANNO), various contemporary Dutch newspapers (available through Delpher).

Thanks to Cris Freddi and Eduardo Mendoza for additions and corrections and to Macario Reyes for an earlier version of this file.

Prepared and maintained by Karel Stokkermans for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation

Author: Karel Stokkermans (karel.rsssf@gmail.com)
Last updated: 14 Oct 2021

(C) Copyright Karel Stokkermans and RSSSF 1999/2021
You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All rights reserved.